Jewish Festivals

The Jewish feasts instituted by God was a calendar for the Jews and through hindsight we can see the typology of these feasts. The feasts pointed to Jesus Christ. As the Apostle Paul told us in:

Colossians 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
[15] And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
[16] Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
[17] Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

The whole purpose of the entire law was to point man to Jesus when He came. Showing us our sin and need for a Savior. The feasts in particular pointed directly to Jesus.

The Hebrew word for feasts “moadim” means -appointed times. The feasts have been fulfilled in the exact order and on the exact day that God appointed. There remains 3 feasts to be fulfilled and as we examine the fulfilled ones I believe we will come to the realization the remaining feasts also will be fulfilled on the exact days and by Jesus Christ our Lord.

The first of the feasts as given in Leviticus chapter 23 is Passover.
Passover was instituted while in the Egyptian captivity and was instrumental in the release of the Jews from captivity. When the children of Israel were commanded to place blood on their doorposts. The death angel came through the land and slew the first born of every household in the land which did not have the blood on the doorposts. The presence of the blood would tell the angel to “pass over” the house.

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’s passover.

When Jesus presented Himself at the beginning of His ministry John the Baptist told us He is indeed the Lamb of God.

John.1:[29] The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

Jesus gave the promise to those who trust in Him that they were “passed” from death to life. Indeed if you have the blood of Jesus applied to the doorposts of your heart you are free from the curse of death.

John.5:[24] Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

The Apostle Paul tells us in First Corinthians that Jesus is our Passover.
1Cor.5:[7] Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:

The moment Jesus was crucified was at the exact moment the Jewish Passover lamb was being slaughtered for the Passover meal,.

Unleavened Bread
John 6:47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
[48] I am that bread of life.
[49] Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
[50] This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
[51] I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

1 Corinthians 5:[6] Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
[7] Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
[8] Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

2Corinthians 5:[21] For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

In the Bible leaven is a picture of sin. The unleavened bread a symbol of the sinless body of Jesus Christ. As our Passover He took our sins upon Him and buried them in Hell. And as Jesus promised any who eat of His body, of which the bread is a symbol, shall live forever. Jesus was in the grave during the first days of the days of unleavened bread and indeed rose on the 3rd day of the feast.

1 Corinthians 15:36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:
[37] And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:
[38] But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body……..
[43] It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
[44] It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
[45] And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
[46] Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
[47] The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.
[48] As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.
[49] And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

First Fruits
Leviticus 23:[10] Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
[11] And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
[12] And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
[13] And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
[14] And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

1 Corinthians 15:[20] But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
[21] For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

Eph.5:[2] And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.

Jesus Resurrected and ascended to Heaven where He offered His blood upon the altar. In 1 Corinthians we are told He went as the first fruit offering for the Old Testament saints who had died in faith. In Ephesians we are told He was a sweet smelling savor fulfilling the offering of the first fruit.

Leviticus 23:[15] And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
[16] Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
[17] Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
[18] And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.
[19] Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
[20] And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
[21] And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

Pentecost was fifty days from the offering of the waving of the single sheaf of first fruits and the lamb. Two wave loaves were offered with leaven, seven lambs, one bullock and two rams. Then a kid for a sin offering and two lambs for a peace offering. The two lambs were waved with the bread of first fruits. As the two loaves were being waved and the two lambs waved the sound of a mighty rushing wind occurred and the Holy Spirit came down from Heaven. The two loaves of first fruit representing the body of old testament believers and Gentiles (the uncircumcised sinners -leaven) of the New Testament covenant. The two lambs representing Christ dying for both and becoming a peace offering destroying the partition of division.

Acts.2:[1] And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
[2] And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
[3] And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
[4] And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
[5] And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
[6] Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.

Ephesians 2:11] Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
[12] That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
[13] But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
[14] For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

In my next lesson we will examine the final three feasts.