Shady Oak Baptist Church

Serving Christ & Standing on Scripture (KJV 1611)

Shady Oak Baptist Church

Archives for Bible Studies

Christian Walk

We as Christians should have a different walk than the lost people around us. In Ephesians we find several passages dealing with our day to day living here on earth. Let us look to Ephesians.

Eph.2:[2] Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

As a lost person we followed the ways of the world. Sinners bound for an eternity in Hell. Not caring for God, the things of God or the people of God. Walking blindly in step with the world. Caring about nothing but the things of this world without consideration for eternity. Looking out for number one and self gratification. Under the influence of our father the devil.
Here the lost are called the children of disobedience. In other verses also referred to as children of the devil and children of wrath.
We who have trusted Christ as Savior have no business any longer walking with them. We have a different Father, a different destination and different purpose.
We should walk according to the course of Heaven, according to the Father’s will and be the children of obedience.

2:[8] For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
[9] Not of works, lest any man should boast.
[10] For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

Having now been saved by His grace through faith we have become a new creature. Being created to bring honor to our Father through our good works. Christians do not work to GET to Heaven but because we are GOING to Heaven. Manifesting God’s love by our actions. God has left us in the world that we might show Him to the lost. We now become an expression of God’s love for mankind.

Eph.4:[1] I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
[2] With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love;
[3] Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.

We now being on the path to Heaven should walk like it. We were unworthy but now through Christ we are made worthy and have a responsibility to walk like it. Not being proud or gloating but in lowliness and meekness. Not the drawing of attention to ourselves but by drawing attention to the Lord. Not giving up on the lost or hope but constantly exhibiting the love of God. Enduring the ridicule and rejection always striving to show Christ to a lost and dying world.
We walk with our brethren for the glory of God and not ourselves. Being at peace within the body as Christians belonging to the same body.

4:[17] This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
[18] Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
[19] Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
[20] But ye have not so learned Christ;
[21] If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus:
[22] That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
[23] And be renewed in the spirit of your mind;
[24] And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
[25] Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
[26] Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
[27] Neither give place to the devil.
[28] Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.
[29] Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
[30] And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
[31] Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
[32] And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you.

We no longer under the influence of the devil according to our own thinking. The lost suppose they are thinking for themselves not knowing their thinking is jaded by the prince of the air and not being in their right mind. We are to not walk like them but walk having been enlightened by the Spirit. Not walking in ignorance or our own way.
The first step being putting off the old man. No longer being driven by the lust of the flesh.
We do this by changing the way we think.
Not just a putting off but a putting on also.
The putting off would be to stop lying the putting on would be speaking truth (Jesus Christ) to those around us.
The putting off not holding a grudge, not giving the devil an opportunity and not stealing.
The putting on would be working and giving to those in need.
The putting off would not letting corrupt communication out of our mouth (cursing swearing condemning).
The putting on the speaking of good things such as the gospel and encouragement.
The putting off those things which bring sadness to the Holy Spirit, bitterness wrath, anger and complaining, evil speaking and malice.
The putting on of kindness, tenderhearted, forgiving.

Eph.5:[1] Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;
[2] And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.

We as Christians should walk in love. God extended His love to us while we were enemies to Him. Are we to walk towards the lost with hatred seeing that Jesus died for their salvation as an expression of His love?
Jesus gave His all because of His love.

[8] For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
[9] (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
[10] Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord.
[11] And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.
[12] For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.
[13] But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light.

We should walk as light. Illuminating by contrast the evil deeds of the lost. Walking doing good things, doing what is right and as an exhibition of truth. We are Jesus to the lost world in all that we say or do should manifest Jesus Christ to those around us.

[15] See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise,
[16] Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.
[17] Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is.
[18] And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;
[19] Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
[20] Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
[21] Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.

We are to walk cautiously knowing what God wants us to do living a godly lifestyle making full use of the opportunities God gives us to show Him to the lost world.
Being a happy and grateful people, being of one accord and working together for the glory of God.

Speak The Same Thing

1Corinthians 1:[10] Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.

The letter of First Corinthians is corrective in nature and works toward bringing unity among the believers. They were to be unified in speech, thinking and discernment. I would like to address the false speaking in this body.
It is imperative a church be on the same page when it comes to what they teach and preach. Unity of the believers is tantamount to growth of the body.

1Corinthians 1:[12] Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
[13] Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?

1Corinthians 3:[1] And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ.
[2] I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able.
[3] For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
[4] For while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal?
[5] Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?
[6] I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.

If a body of believers consists of cliques and are not unified in one accord it is a sign of carnality. Those who are being led of the Spirit are united to the common cause of Jesus Christ.
This body was of a different speech in whom they gave their respect. Please note, some of them had it correct in acknowledging their allegiance belonged to Christ. It is important to remember we all belong to Jesus. Though a man preached the gospel to us, it is Christ who died for us and saved us from our sins. Man is but a tool used by the Holy Spirit to preach the gospel. Our allegiance and service belong to Jesus. It is important for a body of believers to acknowledge this and be fully aware we all serve only one Master and that is the Lord Jesus Christ.
We, as a body of believers, should not be lifting up any man save our Lord Jesus Christ.

Rather than the praise of any man our speech should be about Jesus and what He did for us.

1Corinthians 12:[12] For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.
[13] For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
[14] For the body is not one member, but many.
[15] If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
[16] And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?

Along with the unity comes the acknowledgment that each part of the body serves a purpose. Though we should be unified in speech we must accept our function as given by the Holy Spirit and commit to our part.

Rather than saying “I am not a part” we should say “God has given me this function and I will do all I can to fulfill my part for the growth of the body of Christ.

1Corithians 13:[1] Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.

All of the speaking in the world does not amount to anything if not spoken with love. We should not only be unified in our speech but should be unified in our love. Love for God, love for each other, and love for the lost. It should be manifested in our speech.

1Corinthians 14:[1] Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.
[2] For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
[3] But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort.

One of the single most misunderstood doctrines of our time is that of tongues. This church was admonished to speak the SAME THING. Let us look at the passage here in light of this fact.
First we begin with the admonition to prefer preaching over exhortation in tongues. (TONGUE: ANOTHER LANGUAGE)
Verse 2 states if someone speaks in another language unknown to the body is speaking to God and the body receives no edification through this speaking.
Verse 3 He that preaches unto men and not communing with just God, is speaking for the body’s benefit.

[4] He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church.
[5] I would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied: for greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying.

Verse 4 The tongue speaker is speaking in a tongue known to him but unknown to the body. If it were not known to himself even he would not be edified. Those who speak in a known tongue to the body builds up the church.
Verse 5 Paul wishes they all had the ability to speak in other languages if there is someone else who knows the language and is able to edify the body by interpreting what is being spoken. Otherwise, it is better to preach in a known language to the body.

[6] Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine?
[7] And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?
[8] For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?
[9] So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air.
[10] There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification.

Paul say if he came in and spoke in a language unknown to the body and no one knew it it is a waste of time and it is as if he were speaking to the air.
Even musical instruments give melodious sounds in understood patterns. We are not to speak gibberish in the body.
None of the sounds in the world is just gibberish.

[11] Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me.
[12] Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church.
[13] Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret.
[14] For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.
[15] What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.
[16] Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?

Verse 11 If Paul hears someone speaking in a language not known to Paul then they would appear to be a barbarian to him and Paul would appear to be a barbarian to the speaker
Verse 12 So rather when the body speaks let it be known what is being said so they may be edified.
Verse 13 If someone speaks in a tongue unknown to the body let him pray for an interpreter.
Verse 14 If Paul were to pray in a tongue unknown to him it would not profit him.
Verse 15 Paul says he will only pray and sing in a tongue known to him so he will understand.

[18] I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all:
[19] Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.

Verse 18 Paul knows more languages than any of them (being taught at the feet of Gamaliel)
Verse 19 When he speaks in the church he will only use a language known by the body.

[21] In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord.
[22] Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe.
[23] If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?

Verse 21 God will use men of other nations to speak unto Israel but Israel will still refuse as a nation
Verse 22 The different languages were given to win the lost Jews ( the pronoun “them” being a reference back to verse 21 “this people” which by context is the Jews.) and not for the church. Preaching is for the church.
Verse 23 So if the body all speaks with foreign languages there can be no communication and people will think they are nuts.

[24] But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all:
[25] And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

Verse 24-25 The church should be speaking by preaching.

[26] How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, everyone of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
[27] If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret.
[28] But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.

Verse 26 If anyone is going to speak in the church it must be for edifying the body which in order to be edifying it must be understood.
Verse 27 If someone is going to speak in a language unknown to the body it must be only two or three and in order not at the same time.
Verse 28 If no one is present to translate the person should not speak (NOTE: if he is speaking to himself he must know the language)

[29] Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.
[30] If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace.
[31] For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted.
[32] And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.
[33] For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

Verse 29 One must remember these people did not have the complete revealed Word of God yet so when someone spoke there was no New Testament scripture to compare yet whether it be New Testament doctrine or not. The speaker spoke and others would discern what they spoke.
Verse 30 If while someone is speaking a truth is revealed to someone else they must wait their turn to preach.
Verse 31 All of the saved may preach (except women)
Verse 32 The speaker may not change the Old Testament.
Verse 33 When it comes to the speaking done in the church there should be no confusion or disagreement.

[34] Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law.
[35] And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
[36] What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only?
[37] If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.
[38] But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant.
[39] Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues.
[40] Let all things be done decently and in order.

Verse 34 Though not popular among many sects the clear revealed will of God is WOMEN DO NOT PREACH OR SPEAK IN ANY LANGUAGE.
Verse 35 It is a SHAME for them to preach. (So how say some people women are called of God to preach?)
Verse 36 The Corinthians are receiving the Word of God FROM Paul not from them to Paul.
Verse 37 These things being written through the hand of Paul are COMMANDMENTS of the Lord.
Verse 38 You can refusse the Word of God and be ignorant or you can accept
Verse 39 Seek to preach and refuse not someone speaking in a foreign language if it complies with the rules set forth in the previous verses.
Verse 40 God is a God of order we have only to look at the splendor of His creation to know this surely in His body there is an expectation of the same order and lack of confusion.

1 Corinthians 15:[12] Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
[13] But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:
[14] And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.
[15] Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.
[16] For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

The last example I would like to draw attention to of the people of Corinth not speaking the same thing is the false doctrine of the Resurrection being fiction.
Verse 12 There were some present in Corinth who taught this life is all there is. The whole basis of our preaching and teaching is there is life beyond the grave. I think it safe to conclude among the people there were those of the sect of Sadducees. The Pharisees leaned toward the burdens of the law while the Sadducees did not believe in a life after the grave.
Verse 13 If we are not going to live again then Jesus is not alive.
Verse 14 Then what is our faith in if not the Resurrection of Jesus Christ?
Verse 15 If Jesus had not risen then all of the Apostles were preaching lies because all testify to the fact of Jesus being raised from the dead.
Verse 16 So either you acknowledge the Resurrection or you deny Jesus is alive.

 

 

 

Discouraged

So many Christians have become discouraged and given up and it seems harder and harder to reach the lost. There are several reason for this:

Persecution
Mark 4:[17] And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word’s sake, immediately they are offended.

Our roots must be in the right place and deep enough to sustain us.

Ephesians 3:[17] That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,

Not just our love for each other and the lost but the love of God which He has shed abroad in our hearts.

1Thessalonians .3:[12] And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward you:

Colossians 2:[7] Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving.

We must be taught our faith. Means listening, reading, learning and APPLYING the Word
We must be thankful for everything. Nothing worse than a spoiled brat who expects everything by right and never learning to earn. Never being grateful for the work Christ has done for you.

Iniquity abounds
Matthew 24:[12] And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.

The wickedness of the lost drives us away. We must remember the greater the sin the greater the grace that gets rid of it.

We must remember just how sinful we were and how much God forgave for us.

We must remember how rotten we are apart from Christ.

11 Corinthians 5:[17] Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
[18] And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation;
[19] To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
[20] Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.
[21] For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

God has given us the ministry of reconciliation. We need not look at their sin but at their need for a Savior.

Involved with life and forgetting Who we serve

2Timothy 2:[1] Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
[2] And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.
[3] Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
[4] No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.

Life becomes more real to us than Heaven. We yield too much to the flesh and the flesh becomes too strong.
We become so entangled with this life we forget we should be laboring for the one to come.

2Timothy 4:[10] For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

2 Corinthians 4:15] For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace might through the thanksgiving of many redound to the glory of God.
[16] For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.
[17] For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;
[18] While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.

Everything we see and touch in this world, even our body, is temporary. It is transient. Here obne day and gone tomorrow. We are not striving for an earthly reward but rather the heavenly.
We are not striving for the praise of men but rather Jesus’.

We allow others negativity to impact us
2Timothy 4:[16] At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

The Apostle Paul had everyone leave him for a time. Rather than throwing in his hand he continued preaching the gospel. Never giving up.

Discouraged because of lack of results
Gal.6:[9] And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.

1Corinthians 3:[6] I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
[7] So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.

We must keep in mind when people reject our message they are rejecting the love of God and not us. Our job is not to save someone but to present the gospel. God has promised reward for service. God is faithful and we indeed shall reap our rewards.

1Corinthians 15:[58] Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

Lose sight of the cross
2 Corinthians 4:[8] We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair;
[9] Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed;
[10] Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.

We must never lose sight of the great price our salvation exacted. Knwoing that the souls of men are at stake.

A Christians downfall begins with neglecting of God’s Word, then goes to neglecting God’s house and eventually neglecting God’s people. Before you know it you find yourself far out of the will of God.

 

 

Galatians Six

Galatians 5:[24] And they that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
[25] If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
[26] Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.

Galatians 6:[1] Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted.
2] Bear ye one another’s burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.
3] For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.
[4] But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.
[5] For every man shall bear his own burden.

Though the common thought on this passage is it is referring to someone engaged in a particular sin, I hold a somewhat different viewpoint. Considering the last verse of chapter five which leads into this statement coupled with verse three of this chapter indicates someone who is a carnal Christian and is puffed up into thinking he is better or is seeking recognition or position over others. Also, one must look at the term “those who are spiritual” which indicates the one at fault is “carnal” which is defined in First Corinthians as one causing division or envying others.
Those who are spiritual are those who walk in the Spirit (5:25) and have reached a certain Christian maturity level. Let us examine similar verses in First Corinthians.

1Corinthians 2:[11] For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
[12] Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
[13] Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
[14] But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.
[15] But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.
[16] For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

1Corinthians 3:[1] And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ.
[2] I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able.
[3] For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
[4] For while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal?
[5] Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?
[6] I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
[7] So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
[8] Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour.
[9] For we are labourers together with God: ye are God’s husbandry, ye are God’s building.

The word “overtaken” indicates to be taken by surprise and fault can mean either side-slip, error or trespass. Since for the previous five chapters we have been discussing the false doctrine of legalism (circumcision in particular) and it would seem hard to me to be taken by surprise by a sin as opposed to the ease of being taken by a false doctrine.
They are warned to be careful to not themselves be tempted, it seems easier to me to be tempted (led astray) by a false doctrine if you are spiritual rather than a sin of the flesh.
Remembering the admonition to the church at Corinth to put out the man taken in fornication. Here we are admonished to “restore” or put back in line or position with meekness not arrogance. So rather than some heinous sin we must be speaking about someone who has erred in doctrine.
Notice it is the meekness in spirit as opposed to the “holier than thou” attitude or I know more than you of the flesh.
Also, note the sign of carnality and not being spiritual is strife envy and division according to 

1 Corinthians 3:1-3

So then here we have: a man who by pride has been lifted up in his own mind. We who are spiritual are not to ignore the situation but rather, being led by the Spirit, attempt to put the man back into right fellowship. There should be no schism in the body but rather unity. We are to bear each others burden which is to say trouble or problem.

1 Corinthians 12:20] But now are they many members, yet but one body.
[21] And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you.
[22] Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary:
[23] And those members of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness.
[24] For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked:
[25] That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.
[26] And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.

It is our responsibility in Christ to care for each other as brothers in Christ. Rather than let the one go in his fault, we should out of love and care for our body attempt to restore.

Those that are led astray are often those who believe themselves to be more highly educated and have been lifted up in pride and then before you know it they are deep into a false doctrine such as these who are troubled about circumcision of the flesh.

Galatians 6:[4] But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.
[5] For every man shall bear his own burden.

Burden as in workload. Each of us must take the job within the body which the Lord has given us and do it to the best of our ability. Once we have committed to what ever task the Lord has given us then we may take pleasure in being a faithful servant. Showing we are a faithful servant by example and evidence. Let us look at First Corinthians three again.

1 Corinthians 3:[10] According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
[11] For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
12] Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;
[13] Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is.
[14] If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
[15] If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

Look in Romans chapter twelve.
Ro 12:[3] For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.
[4] For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office:
[5] So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
[6] Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith;

We each have a place in the body and we should be faithful to it. Not being desirous of some others position but to do what God has given us to do. When fulfilling what God has given you there will be a certain satisfaction of accomplishment and reward. When one fails to do his own calling then there is a lack in the body and someone else must step in and take the load.
Burden here is a workload or task or service.

Galatians 6:[6] Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things.
[7] Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.
[8] For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

Those that have been tasked with the job of teaching are to be supported by those who are taught.
Communicate meaning to share or to give. Those that teach are to be financially supported by the church.

We seem to have no problem supporting our favorite football team with our hard earned money but supporting the work of the Lord? The world has nothing permanent to offer but God has given us eternal life. So where do we invest our money? Jesus Himself said where our treasure is so is our heart.
What will you reap from the world? Nothing but corruption. What has God promised us? ETERNAL LIFE!
Let us look once again in First and Second Corinthians.

1Corinthians 9:[10] Or saith he it altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, this is written: that he that ploweth should plow in hope; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope.
[11] If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things?
12] If others be partakers of this power over you, are not we rather? Nevertheless we have not used this power; but suffer all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of Christ.
[13] Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple? and they which wait at the alter are partakers with the alter?
[14] Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.

2Corinthians 9:[1] For as touching the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you:
[2] For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many.
[3] Yet have I sent the brethren, lest our boasting of you should be in vain in this behalf; that, as I said, ye may be ready:
[4] Lest haply if they of Macedonia come with me, and find you unprepared, we (that we say not, ye) should be ashamed in this same confident boasting.
[5] Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your bounty, whereof ye had notice before, that the same might be ready, as a matter of bounty, and not as of covetousness.
[6] But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
[7] Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
[8] And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work:
[9] (As it is written, He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.
[10] Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
[11] Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causeth through us thanksgiving to God.
[12] For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God;
[13] Whiles by the experiment of this ministration they glorify God for your professed subjection unto the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal distribution unto them, and unto all men;
[14] And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you.
[15] Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.

Galatians 6:[9] And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
[10] As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.

It does NOT say if we faint we shall not reap BUT if we faint we shall not reap IN DUE SEASON!
We as Christians should be doing good works not to maintain our salvation but to SHOW our salvation. God has promised us reward for sowing for Him.
As in First Corinthians Three those who have sown to the flesh lose their rewards as they are burned up but those who have sown rightly reap rewards.
There are many Christians whose life was cut short due to sowing to the flesh and not the Spirit. Not that they lose their salvation but indeed they do not reap in due season (proper time).

1 Corinthians 11:30] For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
[31] For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
[32] But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.

1 Corinthians 3:[5] Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?
[6] I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
[7] So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
[8] Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour.
[9] For we are labourers together with God: ye are God’s husbandry, ye are God’s building.
[10] According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
[11] For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
[12] Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;
[13] Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is.
[14] If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
[15] If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

Galatians 6:[11] Ye see how large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand.
[12] As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
[13] For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
[14] But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.

Isn’t being concerned about fleshly circumcision sowing to the flesh? The leaven of the Pharisees?
Paul always chose persecution over compromise. Just as he told us in chapter four the flesh persecutes the true Christians.

Galatians 6:[15] For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.
[16] And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

We indeed being born of the Spirit are a new creature wherein we are neither Jew or Gentile but a child of God.
Let us be those who glory in the heart and spirit and not the outward show of a vain religion. We have nothing of ourselves to glory about. Jesus did all of the work for us.
Though it is not definitively stated as to whom the reference “the Israel of God is to let us consider:

I believe it is a reference to those who have followed after the gospel of Circumcision as given by Peter, James and John. (Galatians 2) Considering at the beginning only Jews were reached out to.
(Romans 11:[1] I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
[2] God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,
[3] Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.
[4] But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal.
[5] Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. )

Galatians 6:[17] From henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus.
[18] Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.

The Apostle Paul did indeed suffer much for the cause of Christ and the service of the church. He that was least did indeed become the greatest.
Too many Christians concern themselves with outward actions and neglect the condition of their spirit. Not realizing the root of sin lies within and is only manifested on the outside.

 

Galatians Five

Galatians 5:[1] Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
[2] Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.
[3] For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
[4] Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
[5] For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

Since we are children of Heavenly Jerusalem we are not subject to the law which is of the earth (Galatians 4:24-25). (Romans 5:13//Romans 6:1-7//Romans 7:1-4). But if you chose to be circumcised in an effort to comply with the law of Moses you are then obligated to comply with the law. Either the gospel is sufficient for salvation or it is not. It cannot be a combination of the work of the cross and our own efforts to maintain salvation.
The “ye” of verse four are those who are trusting in their works for salvation and righteousness before God. The “we” of verse five are those of us who have put our trust in Christ and by faith receive God’s righteousness as did Abraham. We are neither saved nor maintain salvation on our own merits. We who are born again will receive God’s righteousness through faith and that not in this life but in the one to come. Just as we will receive a new body at the Rapture.
The sin, death, and Hell question was settled the moment we became a citizen of Heavenly Jerusalem and put our trusut in Christ (Ephesians 1:12-14)

5:[6] For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
[7] Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth?
[8] This persuasion cometh not of him that calleth you.
[9] A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.
[10] I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.
This thought is repeated in Galatians 6:15. We are neither Jew nor Gentile but rather a new creature created in Christ Jesus. (Galatians 3:28)
The body at Galatia had been following the teaching of Paul but now someone had come in and began to teach them they were made perfect by the flesh or there were acts needed to be done by us in order to be saved. This teaching is not of the Lord but man. He compares the act of being circumcised for perfection as a SIN. Leaven is a type of sin. Whomever is teaching this false doctrine will face the consequences from the Lord for his false teaching.

[11] And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.
[12] I would they were even cut off which trouble you.
[13] For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.
The teaching we are not under the law is offensive to some but it is the truth of the Gospel. Paul says he could avoid conflict by preaching we must keep the law. Paul refused to compromise the truth in an effort to get along with those teaching falsehood. He would not be a prisoner of the Jews if he complied with preaching the law. Just because we have the promise of God’s righteousness and are not under the law we are not to use this as an excuse to sin but rather being dead to the flesh we should leave a godly life pleasing to the Father. The Jewish priesthood had the most to lose by Christianity. With no observance of the law where would the priesthood be? Temple worship? The authority enjoyed by the priests? Remembering the priesthood was supported entirely through the law having no other trade or support. If the Christians were under circumcision at least the natural choice to do the act would be a former Jewish priest (according to Acts many of the priesthood turned to Christ) and who better to teach new Gentile converts about the law than a former priest? (False religions are more concerned with profits than the prophets) Titus 1:10-11

[14] For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
[15] But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.
[16] This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.
Arguing and strife among the brethren is not of God. We are to operate under love. (Romans 7:17-8:4)
If you walk under the leadership of the Holy Spirit and allow Him to control you then the flesh being dead will not trouble you.

[17] For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
[18] But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
We are in a spiritual battle every day of our walk here on earth. We need not concern ourselves with dos and don’ts if we are walking under the leadership of the Holy Spirit. (Romans 7:12-25)

[19] Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
[20] Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
[21] Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
The flesh indeed will not inherit. The Christian may lose rewards but not their salvation. For a Christian salvation is not based upon their work but on the finished work of the cross. Our rewards are based on our works. (1 Corinthians 3:10-15) Christians have become a new creature in Christ.
These are not things you do when being led by the Spirit but rather when you allow your dead body control you. Note some of these are physical acts while others are attitudes and thoughts.
Colossians 3:6//Ephesians 5:5//1 Corinthians 6:9

[22] But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
[23] Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Fruit is a natural product of a healthy plant.
We are PLANTED in Christ’s death. Death to self and self concerns. Death to our old ways. (Romans 6:5)
We are ROOTED in love, Christ and faith. (Ephesians 3:17//Colossians 2:7)
We are WATERED by the Word (Ephesians 5:26)
It is administered by the Holy Spirit. (Titus 3:5//1 Corinthians 6:11)
Our “Sunlight” is the Lord Himself. Plants always turn towards the sunlight.
11 Corinthians 4:6 Colossians 1:12-14 1 Thessalonians 5:5-6 Ephesians 5:8-20

[24] And they that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
[25] If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
[26] Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
The moment we accepted Christ as our Savior our body was placed on the cross with Him and His death became our death and His time in Hell became our own. We are in Christ and in Him we are a new creature.
Romans 6:1-11///Romans 4:6-11, 22-24////Romans 5:13////Colosians 3:1-3//Galatians 6:14
If you have been born again you are alive in the Spirit. John 3:6-7
Envying and vain glory are works of our dead flesh and signs of carnality or lack of spiritual maturity.

Ephesians One, Blessings Predestination

Ephesians 1:[1] Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:
[2] Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
[3] Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: (Ephesians 2:6)
Our blessings are spiritual. (Romans 15:27) Though we receive certain blessings from God time to time in this life, there are those eternal spiritual blessings awaiting us in eternity. They are laid out here in chapter one of Ephesians. Though there are those who preach what is called prosperity gospel we find through study of the Word we who are in Christ are guaranteed in this life only tribulation ( 1 Thessalonians 3:4) and persecution (11 Timothy 3:12). In fact, the Apostle Paul tells us if this life our hope is fulfilled we are then MISERABLE (1 Corinthians 15:19). Now that doesn’t sound like one who is having a prosperous life now does it? Let us praise God for those promises He has made in eternity for those of us who have trusted Christ as our Savior.
Be presented holy and without blame because of the finished work of Jesus. vs. 4
Be adopted into God’s family. vs5
Be accepted by the Father. vs. 6
Receive the forgiveness of sins. vs. 7
Revelation of His will. vs. 8-9
Gathered together. vs. 10
An inheritance. vs. 11
Sealed by the Holy Spirit. vs. 13
Sealed until the day of redemption. vs14
These are His promises to us. Please note the repetitive phrase in HIM. These promises are not made to anyone but those who have put their trust in Christ. Nor are they promised to us BEFORE we put our trust in Him. ANYONE may put their trust in Christ BUT only those who have may receive these blessings. We are not PREDESTINED to put our trust in Christ BUT those who do are predestined to receive these blessings. So then, God did not choose who would trust Christ BUT chose to give these blessings to whomever does.

[4] According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
Those who have trusted Christ are promised to be presented holy and without blame because of the finished work of Jesus.

[5] Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Those who have put their trust in Christ are promised to be adopted into God’s family.

[6] To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
Those who have put their trust in Christ have been promised to be accepted by the Father.

[7] In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
Because of God’s grace extended to those who have put their trust in Christ have been promised to receive the forgiveness of sins.

[8] Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
[9] Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
Those of us who have put our trust in Christ have given us spiritual understanding and revealed to us through His Spirit and the Word His will.

[10] That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:
God has promised to those who have trusted Christ to be gathered together according to His timetable.

[11] In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
God has promised to those who have trusted Christ an inheritance. We can trust these promises because the Creator of the universe Himself has decided to do this. God Who is not willing that any should perish has extended His grace to mankind that we all might be saved.

[12] That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
[13] In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
[14] Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Let us note the order of events.:
FIRST we must trust in Christ.
In order to receive these blessings and promises. In order to become predestined to them we must FIRST TRUST CHRIST. When we were lost we were only destined to one thing and that is to HELL. But AFTER having put our trust in the finished work of the cross we become PREDESTINED to these wonderful blessings given to us by God’s grace.
When did we trust in Christ? AFTER we heard the Word of truth the gospel. Then we believed the truth of the gospel. Then we were sealed by the Holy Spirit of what? PROMISE!. When will receive these blessings? When we are REDEEMED. Until the redemption we are SEALED.
So then we have:
Hearing
Believing
Trusting
Receiving
Predestination
Redemption
So then the last spiritual blessing listed those of us who have put our trust in Christ will be sealed until the day of redemption.

[15] Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,
[16] Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;
[17] That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
[18] The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
[19] And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to usward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,

These peoples faith produced a noteworthy love for the brethren. So noteworthy, it was brought to the attention of the Apostle Paul causing him to give God thanks for them and praying to God on their behalf that they may receive knowledge.
All of these spiritual blessings heaped upon us (again) who have BELIEVED. The criteria for receiving was NOT based upon God choosing who would believe but God choosing to give these blessings to anyone who believed.

[20] Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
[21] Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
[22] And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
[23] Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

Christ’s current position is on the right hand of the Father. (Colossians 3:1) It is noteworthy here mentioned there is a world (age) to come. This is an age of glory where Christ will reign on the throne in Jerusalem for a thousand years. Prophesied of and awaited for by the saints of God. The church being the body of Christ. We are indeed flesh of His flesh and bone of His bones as wife to husband. We are to be the conformed to His image representing Him to the lost and dying world.

The Gospel of Circumcision Compared to the Gospel of Uncircumcision

There are those who believe the gospel preached before the calling of Paul and the giving of the revelation to Apostle Paul were the same gospels. Let us compare the two using the Bible and see what conclusions may be drawn.
The gospel before Paul was exclusionary.
The gospel before Paul required circumcision.
The gospel before Paul required the keeping of the law.
The gospel before Paul required baptismal regeneration.

Galatians 2:[1] Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.
[2] And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.
[3] But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

The gospel the Apostle Paul preached had to be explained to the other Apostles. It then is self evident it was NOT the same gospel. Why the comment on NOT forcing them to be circumcised? Because until this point circumcision was a REQUIREMENT of the Apostles’ gospel. This is called the “gospel of circumcision” (verse seven). NOTE NOT the gospel TO THE circumcision but the gospel OF CIRCUMCISION.

Acts.15:[1] And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.

Galatians 2:[4] And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

The gospel of Circumcision was one of bondage! Bondage? What bondage? The bondage of the law!

Acts 15:[4] And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them.
[5] But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.
[6] And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.
[7] And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe.

If the salvation through grace without the law was the gospel of the Apostles there would have arisen :
1) no dispute with Paul in the church of Jerusalem
2) there would have been no need for the Apostles and elders to CONSIDER the matter.
3) there would not have been MUCH disputing about it because they all would have been on the same page.

Peter points out the conversion of Cornelius. No dispute about this because Cornelius was a gentile who was devout before God. How could a Gentile be devout before God? By keeping the law and being circumcised.
Acts.10:[1] There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,
[2] A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
[3] He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius.
[4] And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.

Acts 10:21] Then Peter went down to the men which were sent unto him from Cornelius; and said, Behold, I am he whom ye seek: what is the cause wherefore ye are come?
[22] And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.

Peter continues on this wise:
Acts 15:8] And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us;
[9] And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
[10] Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?

So Peter affirms salvation has come also to the Gentiles. Then he implores the elders and other Apostles that no great burden (bondage) be placed upon the Gentile believers. Then he makes the clearest statement as to the fact they had NOT been preaching the gospel of grace which was given to Apostle Paul.

Acts 15:[11] But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.

Read it again and let it soak in. He does NOT say we have been preaching this all along and everyone HAS been saved the same way. He says PLAINLY we believe we SHALL BE SAVED, EVEN AS THEY.

Galatians 2:[5] To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.
[6] But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man’s person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me:

[7] But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;
[8] (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)
[9] And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
[10] Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.

So then Paul was committed to the gospel of Uncircumcision and the others, particularly John, Peter and James, the gospel of Circumcision. If no difference why the different names? If no difference why the different audience? Going back to the original statements let us examine them.

1. The gospel before Paul was exclusionary.

Acts.11:[19] Now they which were scattered abroad upon the persecution that arose about Stephen travelled as far as Phenice, and Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to none but unto the Jews only.

Galatians 2:[7] But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;
[8] (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)
[9] And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

Our gospel is not.

Romans 10:[12] For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

2. The gospel before Paul required circumcision.

Acts.15:[1] And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.


Our gospel does not.

Galatians 5:[6] For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.

3. The gospel before Paul required the keeping of the law.

Acts.15:[5] But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.

Our gospel does not.

Romans 7:[4] Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.

Romans 10:[4] For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.

Eph.2:[15] Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

4. The gospel before Paul required baptismal regeneration.

Acts.2:[38] Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Ours does not.

1Corinthians 1:[17] For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect.

 

The Rejection of The Jews

Matt.11:[1] And it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding his twelve disciples, he departed thence to teach and to preach in their cities.
[2] Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples,
[3] And said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?
[4] Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and shew John again those things which ye do hear and see:
[5] The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.
[6] And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.
[7] And as they departed, Jesus began to say unto the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
[8] But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? behold, they that wear soft clothing are in kings’ houses.
[9] But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet.
[10] For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
[11] Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.
[12] And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force.
[13] For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.
[14] And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come.
[15] He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

The prophets prophesied until John.
John was a fulfillment of the voice in the wilderness, IF the Jews accepted his word and Jesus. Then the kingdom would have been established physically on earth at this time (VS ) but rather than accepting his preaching they placed him in prison (violence) and eventually he was put to death.
There were no prophecies or promises made to the Gentiles other than they would see the light of the Jewish King which could have been fulfilled if the Lord had established His earthly kingdom on His first coming.

Matt.12:[1] At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat.
[2] But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
[3] But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
[4] How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
[5] Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
[6] But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
[7] But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
[8] For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.
[9] And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue:
[10] And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.
[11] And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
[12] How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
[13] Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other.
[14] Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.

The die is cast for Israel as a nation when the rulers begin to commune on how to kill Jesus. After their rejection Jesus then began to speak to them in parables from Mt 13 on and not coincidentally Jesus begins to teach the Apostles of His death and subsequent Resurrection. Also, we find the only mention of the church in the gospel of Matthew after the rulers begin to plot Jesus’ death. This plotting culminated in the Crucifixion of the Lord.

Some time after the Resurrection the Jews again had an opportunity to receive His testimony. As he was finished Stephen sees Jesus stand as if to ready Himself to return. The Jews were convicted because of what they had done but rather than confess and forsake their sin they killed the first Christian martyr.

Acts 6:9-7:60

The Jews begin a campaign to destroy Christianity and chose a man named Saul to execute the persecution.
Saul in Acts 9 is converted by an appearance of Jesus Himself on the road to Damascus.
Peter is offered an opportunity to extend the ministry to the Gentiles but he is reluctant even after Cornelius is converted.
3 times Peter had denied Christ and 3 times he rejects eating that which he calls unclean. (Acts 10-11)
In Acts 11 Peter recounts the conversion of Cornelius after his fellow Christians berate him for being around Gentiles. They repent and acknowledge that God indeed is saving Gentiles though they have only been preaching to Jews (11:18-19)
In Acts 11:20-21 we find they finally proclaim the Resurrection to Grecians in Antioch and a great number of Gentiles are saved.
Acts 11:22-30 We find Saul is brought to Antioch and then dispatched from there becoming the first Christian missionary to witness to all the salvation of the grace of God.

In his ministry the Apostle Paul makes 3 different offers to the Jews. The first was to the Jews in Asia.

Jews in Asia (Antioch ) A Roman capital it like Rome was divided among seven hills.
Acts 13:14-46

Jews in Europe (Corinth) Major city of Greece
Acts.18:1-6

Jews of Rome ( the capital of the known world)
Acts 28:1-31

God is not completely through with Israel as a nation for we find in Romans chapter 11 God will save them as a people.
Romans 11:25-36

The Jewish rejection of the Lord enabled the Gentiles to grafted into the tree and become recipients of the grace of God.
Romans 11:11-24
Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.
[22] For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
[23] I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them.
[24] They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust.
[25] The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs.
[26] I said, I would scatter them into corners, I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among men:
[27] Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy, lest their adversaries should behave themselves strangely, and lest they should say, Our hand is high, and the LORD hath not done all this.
[28] For they are a nation void of counsel, neither is there any understanding in them.
[29] O that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end!
[30] How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?
[31] For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges.
[32] For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter:
[33] Their wine is the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps.
[34] Is not this laid up in store with me, and sealed up among my treasures?
[35] To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
[36] For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that their power is gone, and there is none shut up, or left.
[37] And he shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted,
[38] Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection.
[39] See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand.
[40] For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever.
[41] If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me.
[42] I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.
[43] Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.
[44] And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun.

We are clearly told in the writings of the Apostle Paul the age of grace to the Gentiles is the provoking to jealous of the Jewish people. As we see in Deuteronomy God still promises after this to save His people and His land.

 

The Holy Spirit

Matthew 3:[11] I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire: (Luke 3:7-9)
The fire spoken of by John the Baptist is NOT the fire of the presence of the Holy Spirit but rather a fire of burning that will destroy the chaff.
The baptism of the Holy Ghost, here spoken of, and the fire are two separate things. It is the fire kindled by the wrath of God and is one of judgment.

Luke.24:[49] And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.

Jesus promised to give them the Holy Spirit and through the receiving of the Holy Spirit they would receive power.

Matthew 10:1-8
They had the ability to cast out demons, raise the dead, heal the sick, cleanse leprosy before they were given the Holy Spirit. These things were not the power spoken of by Jesus that they would receive from the Holy Spirit.

Acts.1:[7] And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power.
[8] But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

The power the Holy Spirit gave them was the power to be a witness for Jesus. This same Peter who had denied Jesus three times just several days earlier now had power to stand and preach the Word to those who had crucified the Lord.
Even after being beaten and placed in prison Peter continued to disobey the command of the San Hedrin and continued to preach the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.

The Ministry of the Holy Spirit
John 14:25-31
[25] These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.
[26] But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
[27] Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.
[28] Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.
[29] And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye might believe.
[30] Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.
[31] But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence.

1) The ministry of the Holy Spirit was to teach the Apostles.
2) Cause them to remember the teachings of Jesus walk with them.
3) Bring internal peace to the Apostles

John 15:26-27
[26] But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
[27] And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.

The ministry of the Holy Spirit is to testify of Jesus and enable the Apostles to do the same.

John 16:13-14
13] Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
[14] He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

The ministry of the Holy Spirit was to guide the Apostles in truth.
The ministry of the Holy Spirit was to magnify Jesus.
The ministry of the Holy Spirit was NOT to speak of Himself.
The ministry of the Holy Spirit was tell the Apostles what God says to them. (conduit of information)
The ministry of the Holy Spirit was to show the Apostles things to come.

 

Consult the following passages in the book of Acts for examples of the work of the Holy Spirit in the early church.
8:29, 39, 10:19, 16:7, 21:4

In the New Testament Christian the Holy Spirit continues His work today.

He leads us.
Romans 8:1-5

He prunes us from the works of the flesh.
Romans 8:11

He enables us to call God our Father.
Romans 8:15

He helps us with our infirmities by making intercession for us.
Romans 8:26

He indwells the believer.
1Corinthians 3:16

He washes us, sanctifies us and justifies us.
1Corinthians 6:11

He writes on our heart the Word of God so we may show others Christ through us.
2Corinthians 3:3

He enables us to bear fruits.
Galatians 5:22-23

He seals us until Christ claims us
Ephesians 1:13

He warns us of the coming (current) apostasy.
1Timothy 4:1

He washes us and regenrates us inside.
Titus 3:5-6

 

 

Galatians Four

Gal.4:[1] Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all;
[2] But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.
[3] Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

The tutors and governors represent the law. In the times of the law, a father had little to know dealings with his son until he reached the age of Bar Mitzvah. At the age of 13 the cild became an adult. This enabled him to begin his study of the law as directed by his father. Also, Jewish teaching is this became an age of responsibility before God for keeping the law. It also enabled the son to participate in prayer services and singing of the songs.

There is a deeper intimacy with God now. No longer dealing with us as children through tutors and governors but directly in a daily walk with Him through the Spirit. Having been born of the Spirit and circumcised internally.

[4] But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
[5] To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

[6] And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
[7] Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

Son as opposed to child (vs. 1). The sons of God in the Old Testament were angelic beings. The children of God were the Israelites. Having paid the atonement for the sins which had been covered by the blood of the old covenant and now having given us (Gentiles) the new birth by the Holy Spirit whereby we are now made sons of God.

 

1John.3:[1] Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
[2] Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

Ro 8:[12] Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.
[13] For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
[14] For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
[15] For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
[16] The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
[17] And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.

[8] Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.
[9] But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
[10] Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.
[11] I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.

Why would we after receiving sonship have a desire to engage in the Old Covenant? Paul after winning them to the Lord and bestowing much effort in teaching them the way of the New Testament would have been spinning his wheels if they were to revert to the Old Testament.

[12] Brethren, I beseech you, be as I am; for I am as ye are: ye have not injured me at all.
[13] Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
[14] And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.
[15] Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, that, if it had been possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me.
[16] Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth?
[17] They zealously affect you, but not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them.
[18] But it is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing, and not only when I am present with you.
We are in this together. We are in the same boat. When he presented the gospel to them they received him and accepted him regardless of physical imperfections. They not only received him but would have done anything for him so great was the blessing they received. Now he is chastising them and they should continue to listen to him because he is giving them the Word of God still. Those that wanted to impose circumcision on them were not doing it for the benefit of the Galatians but for their own. Even as they had received Paul in the beginning they should continue in the same teaching. It was good for them at the beginning and continues to be for their good.

[19] My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,
[20] I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you.

Paul having to explain again the simplicity in Christ and the freedom given to those of us who have accepted through faith, Jesus. The day to day walk of each of us is with one result in view and that is to be more like Christ each and every day.

[21] Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?
[22] For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.
[23] But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
[24] Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.
[25] For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
[26] But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
[27] For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
[28] Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.
[29] But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
[30] Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.
[31] So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

In the story of Abraham he and Sarah took it upon themselves to “help” God give Abraham a seed by Just as Abraham had two sons one bond and one of promise so there are two covenants. The Old Testament and the New. The Old Testament given on Mount Sinai was on of bondage with many do’s and don’ts. But the covenant from Heavenly Jerusalem is one of freedom and liberty. We are born of the Heavenly Jerusalem and not of the earthly Jerusalem.
Abraham having a child through Sarah’s handmaiden. Hagar was a bondservant. Ishmael born of the bondwoman gave trouble to Isaac. (Even to this day). Now those born of earthly Jerusalem persecute those of us born of the Heavenly Jerusalem.

The earthly Jerusalem is the home of the Jews but we are born of the Heavenly Jerusalem.

Under the Old Covenant Israel was married to the Lord. However many saints she bore there will be more in this current dispensation. (Isaiah 54:1-8)

Revelation 21:[1] And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.
[2] And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Hebrews 11:[8] By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.
[9] By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:
[10] For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

Hebrews 12:22] But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
[23] To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
[24] And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

 

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