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Galatians Chapter Three

Galatians 3:[1] O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?
[2] This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Paul had preached the gospel throughout Galatia after the conference of Acts 15 where the topic of Gentiles and law was discussed. In particular the Jews expressing a necessity for the Gentile believers to be circumcised. (Acts.15:[1] And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.
[2] When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.)

As Paul had preached in Corinth (1Cor.2:[1] And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God.
[2] For I determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.)
He so preached plainly the simplicity of the gospel. So plainly it was as if Christ had been crucified in their presence. He did not come to them preaching circumcision or works but faith in the finished work of Jesus Christ (death, burial, resurrection) They, as we all who have put our trust in Christ, received the sealing of the Holy Spirit (spiritual circumcision) after acceptance of the gospel.
This showing evidence the Holy Spirit enters in with the accepting of the gospel and not some “second blessing” but at the moment of conversion.

[3] Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?
[4] Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain.

They received the Spirit at the beginning not some time later and not received by some but all received at the time they believed. The simplicity of the gospel saves us with no assistance from us. (Titus 3:4-7) We do not work for our salvation neither do we work to maintain it. We do not work to get to Heaven . What good works we do shows evidence we are going to Heaven.
They had evidently already suffered some persecution for having not been circumcised, the Apostle states then if you were supposed to have followed the law you must have suffered for naught. But the Apostle is about to show they indeed did not suffer for nothing but suffered rightly because we as Christians are not required to put ourselves under the law.

[5] He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

Proof one: the Lord ministers to them through the teaching of the gospel and not that of the law. The law did not save them nor give them the new birth. Neither entered in the Spirit through teaching of the law or by being physically circumcised but by the preaching of the gospel of faith.

[6] Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.
[7] Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

Proof two: Abraham being the example of those who simply believes and accepts what God tells them as a means of receiving God’s righteousness and not their own works of righteousness.
Not only did Abraham receive the blessing of righteousness through belief but so do we all become heirs of God’s righteousness through believing. (Rom.4:[1] What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?
[2] For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
[3] For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
[4] Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.
[5] But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
[6] Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
[7] Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
[8] Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
[9] Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
[10] How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
[11] And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
[12] And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.
[13] For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
[14] For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:
[15] Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
[16] Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,)

[8] And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
[9] So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.

The giving of God’s Son on the cross being typified by the offering of Isaac by Abraham, bestowed upon us this same blessing of receiving righteousness by believing the work God has done for us. We receiving the blessing of the Holy Spirit, being spiritually circumcised, and the new birth through the cross . We being Gentiles not following neither knowing the law received the sealing of the Holy Spirit and becoming a child of God.

[10] For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
[11] But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
[12] And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
[13] Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
[14] That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Here the Apostle quotes from Deuteronomy 27:26 showing if we are to follow the law we must indeed follow ALL of the law not just the part of circumcision of the flesh. But the Word in Habakkuk 2:4 is the just man must live by his faith. Our faith is not one of the law but the preaching of the cross. We being made free by Jesus receiving the curse for us on the cross. The Apostle quoting from Deuteronomy 21:23 showing Jesus had indeed received the curse from God for us by hanging on a tree. So then we being born of the Spirit have been made to receive the blessing of children through faith.

[15] Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
[16] Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
[17] And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
[18] For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

Now calling them “brethren” indicating the relationship through the blood of Christ. Us Gentiles in verse 14 now brethren through faith. The promise of all of the nations being blessed and the promise of inheritance to Abraham was made some 430 years before the law was given to the children of Israel. The law like any other covenant is only binding on those in the covenant agreement. If I make a contract with a finance company to finance my vehicle it is not binding on other parties but strictly an agreement between myself and the finance company. The terms being set in the contract and in legal force until the obligations of the terms are met. The blessing was promised to Abraham and Jesus Christ (His seed as the same seed promised to Eve in Genesis) without the conditions imposed by the law some 430 years later.)

[19] Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
[20] Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

The law was given as a means of showing the sinfulness of sin and as a means of control over the behavior of man. Once Jesus (the seed) came and met the terms of the contract the contract was complete. The debt of sin had been paid in full.
A mediator is one who intervenes between two parties in an attempt to bring about reconciliation between the two. Jesus, who is God, acted as our Mediator. Which is to say, God mediated between man and Himself.
{Not to be overlooked is the statement “ordained by angels”. An examination of a few references gives the information that God used His angels in the giving of the law. NOTE the following passages.:
Heb.2:[1] Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.[2] For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;

Acts 7:[51] Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.
[52] Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
[53] Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.

Deut.33:[1] And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
[2] And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.
[3] Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.}

[21] Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

No following of the law could breed a new birth. The inside of man remained dead (the spiritual internal death experienced by Adam when he partook of the fruit) until the coming of the Spirit brought the new birth.
[22] But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
[23] But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
[24] Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

The law prophesied until the ministry of John the Baptist began.
(Mathew 11:[13] For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.) From there the kingdom gospel began. The law had brought mankind, in particular, the children of Israel to that point. Then Christ began His ministry. The rejection of Jesus and crucifixion sealing temporarily the fate of the nation and opening the door through faith to the entire world.

[25] But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
[26] For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
[27] For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
[28] There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
[29] And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Through the new birth and spiritual circumcision performed by the Holy Spirit all who believe Jew and Gentile alike become the children of God through faith.
Titus 3:[4] But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,
[5] Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
[6] Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
[7] That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.


Galatians Two

Galatians 2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.
[2] And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.

The events are recorded in Acts chapter 15 where it was determined by the Apostles, elders and the Holy Ghost the Gentile believers were not under the bondage of Moses. (Acts 15:6-11,20-21,28)
What amazes me is there are still today those who would attempt to put Christians under the bondage of the law even after this dispute was settled in the infancy of the church.

[3] But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:
[4] And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

The outward fleshly acts in no wise saves a man. It is but not a combination of grace and works. (Ephesians 2:8-9)
Please note the reference from Paul to “my gospel” Romans 2:16/ Romans 16:25/ 11 Timothy 2:8 (1 Timothy 1:11/Philippians 1:1-7/ 1 Corinthians 9:17)

If the gospel message Paul was preaching was the same as the one Peter was preaching then there would be no need for explanation. The gospel of the grace of God was kept a mystery until revealed to the Apostle Paul. With the completion of the New Testament canon the gospel was revealed, codified and disseminated.

In Acts 18 we find Apollos preaching the kingdom gospel of John. Peter preaching baptism as a requirement of salvation to Jews only (Acts 2:38). Even after the conversion of Cornelius we find as late as Acts 11:19 those scattered only preached to the Jews. There existed no conflict until the conversion of Gentiles became evident as God’s plan because the Jews already were circumcised and followed after the law.

Acts 18:[24] And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
[25] This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.
[26] And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.
[27] And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace:
[28] For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.

Here we have a preacher with limited knowledge of Christianity preaching (vs. 25). Two of Paul’s co-workers hear him and realize his knowledge is limited and explain to him more fully the true gospel. It seems evident there was a difference in what God had given to Paul and what was known until the time it was revealed. After being made more fully aware and through his knowledge of the Old Testament and eloquent ability to speak he was able to help the brethren who had already trusted in Christ through the message of grace.
The modern Bible student must keep in mind we have the complete revealed will of God in our hands. At the time then current the Book was being revealed and written. God deals with humanity according to His revealed will and their reception or rejection of it.

[5] To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.
[6] But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man’s person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me:
[7] But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;
[8] (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)
[9] And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
[10] Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.

There are two sides to this passage. On one hand there are those who believe their gospels were the same just a clear delineation between to whom they were preaching and there are those who believe there were two gospels being preached with two different audiences.

Let me reiterate:
1) If the two gospels were the same there would be no need for Paul to go to Jerusalem to explain the gospel he was preaching.
2) Apollos would have been preaching the same thing at the beginning of his ministry.

I feel there were two different gospels at the time. Until the full revelation given to Paul was revealed to all I believe Peter, James and John preached the same message as found in early Acts. One of repentance from “murdering” Jesus and baptismal regeneration as a requirement.
A reading of their writings shows no knowledge of the Rapture and just a simple glance at the book of James clearly indicates he was writing to the Jews (James 1:1). Throughout the book it is evident it is written without a perspective of the gospel of grace given to the Apostle Paul. The words blood, cross, gospel, are not mentioned and the only mention of forgiveness is based on a conditional prayer of faith involving the sick. James goes so far as to write works are a requirement for salvation.
I believe in properly dividing the Word of God by intended audience and time. I believe as it says in Hebrews (Hebrews 2:5) there are writings for the next age and direct application of many verses awaits a time to come.
After the completion of the New Testament it became transparent we are to preach the gospel as given to the Apostle Paul. For the time now present we must stick to the gospel as revealed to the Apostle Paul.

[11] But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.
[12] For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.
[13] And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.
[14] But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

Peter was being two faced. Knowing the liberty we have in Christ yet in order to not rock the boat pretended to follow the law when in the company of the Jews. According to verse 14 Peter was also teaching compliance to the law to the Gentiles. Wherein is proof Peter was preaching a different gospel than Paul.

[15] We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,
[16] Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
[17] But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.
[18] For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.
[19] For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

Not only are the Gentiles not under the law but the Jews also were no longer under the bondage but were to be saved through grace by faith. Peter makes the same statement in Acts. (Acts 15:11)

Jews by “nature” meaning by natural birth. (Romans 2:27/Romans 11:21&24) The “we” of this verse are the Jewish believers like Paul and the other Apostles. The Jews like the Gentiles must also come through the grace of God by faith in Jesus Christ and not by the works of the law which had originally been taught by the other Apostles. (Acts 15:8-11)
If Paul attempts to live under the law again he is being unfaithful to the truth and liberty of the gospel . He is basically putting his sins back on himself and off of Christ who has paid the price. The sin under the law being paid in full by Jesus and now we who are in Christ through Christ have been paid for and are now dead to the law.

Philippians 3:1 Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed is not grievous, but for you it is safe.
[2] Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.
[3] For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
[4] Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more:
[5] Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee;
[6] Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.
[7] But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.
[8] Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,
[9] And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:

The things Paul had destroyed were the works of righteousness he had under the law. Knowing they in no way brought salvation.

Romans7:[1] Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?
[2] For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband.
[3] So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.
[4] Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
[5] For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
[6] But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.

[20] I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
[21] I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

We who are Christians have now put on Christ and are living testaments to the grace of God. We should now live a life that conforms to the image of Christ. Jesus died and our selves should be dead with Him.

Galatians Comments

I am doing a verse by verse lesson on the book of Galatians on Wednesday evening services. Here is comments for chapter one.

Galatians was written in about 57-60 AD. The basic theme of Galatians is the end of the efficacy of grace plus nothing for salvation .

Galatians 1:[1] Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;)
[2] And all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches of Galatia:
[3] Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ,

Paul’s calling to Apostleship was not a personal decision nor one of men but directly by God. Called to salvation on the road to Damascus when Jesus appeared to him. (Acts 9)
Note there was more than one church at Galatia and must be separately identified independent bodies hence the need for addressing them in the plural.

[4] Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
[5] To whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

We are not here for the purpose of “changing” the world. This world is EVIL whose god is the devil (11 Corinthians 4:4) and will remain so until the cleansing of Jesus Christ from the throne in Jerusalem. Jesus did not come to change the world but to save those who believe from it. (1 Timothy 1:15)
We do not preach a gospel of progressive society but one of redemption from this evil place.

[6] I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel:
[7] Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.

The gospel of the grace of God is singular. Any other is not a “gospel” (good news) but a perversion of the true.
Among the early church there were those who taught there is no resurrection as the Sadducees. (1 Corinthians 15:12)
There were those who taught the resurrection was past. (11 Timothy 2:18)
There were those who said in order to maintain salvation you must work the works of the law. (Acts 15:5)

[8] But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
[9] As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.

This is written about 30 years after the cross and already a different gospel other than the death burial and resurrection has cropped up. Is it any wonder that about 2,000 years later their exists so many? Any gospel other than the one presented by the Apostle Paul in the Pauline epistles in this Age is a false gospel. Based on the authority of the Word of God those preaching anything else even if it came from an angel from “Heaven” is ACCURSED. So if someone thinks it is not important what you believe as long as you are sincere need to take note: THEY ARE WRONG!
This is not just a personal opinion but solid, sound Bible New Testament doctrine.

[10] For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.

We are to persuade men and please God. Not attempting to have God see things our way but seeing things as God sees them and then convincing others. Paul would not change his message in an effort to appease false teachers or make men happy.

[11] But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man.
[12] For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

The gospel of Paul was not given to Peter, James or John but rather directly to Paul from Jesus.

[13] For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews’ religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:
[14] And profited in the Jews’ religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.

Paul (Saul) had been tasked by the Jews to persecute Christians (1Timothy 1:13-15//Acts 8: 1-3 Acts 9:1-2)
He was a Pharisee (Philippians 3:5-6) before his conversion which was the most dedicated of the Jewish adherents.

[15] But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother’s womb, and called me by his grace,
[16] To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:

Paul says he was the pattern of God’s grace for the world. ( 1 Timothy 1:16)

[17] Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.
[18] Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days.
[19] But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord’s brother.

This period is not covered in Acts but fell between Acts 9:19 and 9:26. NOTE in Acts 9:15 the Lord told the prophet Ananias that He was going to shew Paul great things.

[20] Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not.
[21] Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia;
[22] And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:
[23] But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed.
[24] And they glorified God in me.

Acts 9:31 states the church had “rest” after the conversion of Paul.

Feast Of Trumpets

We are told that the new moon and the Feasts of the Lord are a shadow of things to come in

Colossians 2:[16] Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
[17] Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

The Feast of Trumpets is the only Feast of the Lord that falls on a new moon so it in particular is mentioned in the verses.
The first four Spring feasts were fulfilled at Christ’s first coming, and on the exact day of the feast. The remaining 3 feasts of Fall picture the Second Coming of Christ of which the Feast of Trumpets is the first picturing the rapture and is a memorial to Israel.

Let us look at some of the Jewish teaching about the Feast of Trumpets.
The Jews call it the feast of memorial with the blowing of the trumpets and the creation took place on this day (though some teach it to be the day of the creation of Adam and Eve). They also believe it to be the day of the binding of Isaac for sacrifice.

The Feast of Trumpets happens on the “new moon”, which is 29.5 days after the last one, meaning it might occur on the 29th or 30th day, nobody knows for sure. It is called “the day that no man knoweth“ In reference to His return Jesus made this statement:

Matt.24:[36] But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.”

Of that day or hour no man knows” is also an expression referring the Jewish groom uses when asked when his impending wedding is going to happen. The Jewish custom is when the father of the groom determines a place is ready for the groom’s bride he will tell the son to go and get her.
In Ephesians 5 it is revealed the church is the Bride of Christ.
Ephesians 5:[30] For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.
[31] For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.
[32] This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
[33] Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.

The Jews teach their were two trumpets made by Abraham of the horns of the ram slain in Isaac’s place. One of these they call the Great Trump and the other the Last Trump. They teach the Last Trump is the one blown at the beginning of the Feast of Trumpets.

1Cor.15:[52] In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

The Jews teach two witnesses were required to see the new moon and report the sighting to the priest who then blew the last trump. In Revelation we are taught there will be two witnesses appear at the beginning of the time of Tribulation Note they are olive trees. In Romans 11 we are taught the church is a part of the olive tree (not the fig tree) of Israel. The olive harvest occurs during the time of the Feast of Trumpets.
Rev.11:3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.
[4] These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.
[5] And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.
[6] These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.
[7] And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

The Jews teach when the Last Trump is blown the doors of Heaven are opened and the books are also opened. The names of the righteous are immediately sealed, the wicked blotted out and the intermediate are given 10 days (inclusive) to repent.

Ezekiel 46:1 Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.

Revelation 4:1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.

Revelation.5:1 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.
[2] And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?
[3] And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.
[4] And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.
[5] And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

Revelation 7:1 And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.
[2] And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
[3] Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.
[4] And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.
[5] Of the tribe of Juda were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad were sealed twelve thousand.
[6] Of the tribe of Aser were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Nepthalim were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasses were sealed twelve thousand.
[7] Of the tribe of Simeon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were sealed twelve thousand.
[8] Of the tribe of Zabulon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand.
[9] After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands;
[10] And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb.
[11] And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,

The greeting for the Feast of Trumpets is “may you be inscribed and sealed for a good year”
Please note the sealing of the righteous Jews and the appearance of the Gentile masses appear to occur simultaneously.


The traditional service for dashiki (casting off) is recited individually and includes the prayer of

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy.
[19] He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.
[20] Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.”Who is like unto you, O God.…..And You will cast all their sins into the depths of the sea”

Michael the archangel whose name means “Who is like unto God?” is the definition of the archangel Michael’s name which calls to mind Daniel 12:1.

Daniel12:[1] And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

Biblical passages read on the feast of Trumpets include Isaiah 11:9 and Psalms 118:5-9, 121 and 130, as well as personal prayers.

Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

Psalms.118:5 I called upon the LORD in distress: the LORD answered me, and set me in a large place.
[6] The LORD is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?
[7] The LORD taketh my part with them that help me: therefore shall I see my desire upon them that hate me.
[8] It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.
[9] It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.

Psalms.121:1 I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help.
[2] My help cometh from the LORD, which made heaven and earth.
[3] He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.
[4] Behold, he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep.
[5] The LORD is thy keeper: the LORD is thy shade upon thy right hand.
[6] The sun shall not smite thee by day, nor the moon by night.
[7] The LORD shall preserve thee from all evil: he shall preserve thy soul.
[8] The LORD shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.

Psalms.130:1 Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD.
[2] Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications.
[3] If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
[4] But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.
[5] I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope.
[6] My soul waiteth for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: I say, more than they that watch for the morning.
[7] Let Israel hope in the LORD: for with the LORD there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption.
[8] And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

The theme of these passages being the forgiveness of the Lord towards His people Israel and His divine protection of them during times of trouble. (Jacob’s trouble is the Tribulation)

The Jews teach the Feast of Trumpets is known as the Wedding of the Messiah, and the Church is the Bride of Christ, (Ephesians 5) and the rapture is when the Church is caught up to heaven to be wed with Christ. (1 Corinthians 15)

The Jewish wedding consist of the groom coming to get his bride and then they are sequestered for 7 days at the end of which the groom presents his bride to the wedding party along with the bloodied napkin proving her virginity to those present.

Revelation 19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.
[7] Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.
[8] And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
[9] And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.
[10] And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
[11] And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
[12] His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.
[13] And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
[14] And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

There are seven days of awe, which is to be a time of repentance, (note the continued theme in Revelation of the world not repenting) between the Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement. These picture the seven years of Tribulation. If you add the two-day Trumpets feast, and the Day of Atonement, the 7 days of awe are “ten days of tribulation” which are referred to in Revelation 2:10.


Jewish Festivals

The Jewish feasts instituted by God was a calendar for the Jews and through hindsight we can see the typology of these feasts. The feasts pointed to Jesus Christ. As the Apostle Paul told us in:

Colossians 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
[15] And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
[16] Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
[17] Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

The whole purpose of the entire law was to point man to Jesus when He came. Showing us our sin and need for a Savior. The feasts in particular pointed directly to Jesus.

The Hebrew word for feasts “moadim” means -appointed times. The feasts have been fulfilled in the exact order and on the exact day that God appointed. There remains 3 feasts to be fulfilled and as we examine the fulfilled ones I believe we will come to the realization the remaining feasts also will be fulfilled on the exact days and by Jesus Christ our Lord.

The first of the feasts as given in Leviticus chapter 23 is Passover.
Passover was instituted while in the Egyptian captivity and was instrumental in the release of the Jews from captivity. When the children of Israel were commanded to place blood on their doorposts. The death angel came through the land and slew the first born of every household in the land which did not have the blood on the doorposts. The presence of the blood would tell the angel to “pass over” the house.

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’s passover.

When Jesus presented Himself at the beginning of His ministry John the Baptist told us He is indeed the Lamb of God.

John.1:[29] The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

Jesus gave the promise to those who trust in Him that they were “passed” from death to life. Indeed if you have the blood of Jesus applied to the doorposts of your heart you are free from the curse of death.

John.5:[24] Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

The Apostle Paul tells us in First Corinthians that Jesus is our Passover.
1Cor.5:[7] Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:

The moment Jesus was crucified was at the exact moment the Jewish Passover lamb was being slaughtered for the Passover meal,.

Unleavened Bread
John 6:47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
[48] I am that bread of life.
[49] Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
[50] This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
[51] I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

1 Corinthians 5:[6] Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
[7] Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
[8] Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

2Corinthians 5:[21] For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

In the Bible leaven is a picture of sin. The unleavened bread a symbol of the sinless body of Jesus Christ. As our Passover He took our sins upon Him and buried them in Hell. And as Jesus promised any who eat of His body, of which the bread is a symbol, shall live forever. Jesus was in the grave during the first days of the days of unleavened bread and indeed rose on the 3rd day of the feast.

1 Corinthians 15:36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:
[37] And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:
[38] But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body……..
[43] It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
[44] It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
[45] And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
[46] Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
[47] The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.
[48] As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.
[49] And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

First Fruits
Leviticus 23:[10] Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
[11] And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
[12] And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
[13] And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
[14] And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

1 Corinthians 15:[20] But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
[21] For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

Eph.5:[2] And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.

Jesus Resurrected and ascended to Heaven where He offered His blood upon the altar. In 1 Corinthians we are told He went as the first fruit offering for the Old Testament saints who had died in faith. In Ephesians we are told He was a sweet smelling savor fulfilling the offering of the first fruit.

Leviticus 23:[15] And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
[16] Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
[17] Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
[18] And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.
[19] Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
[20] And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
[21] And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

Pentecost was fifty days from the offering of the waving of the single sheaf of first fruits and the lamb. Two wave loaves were offered with leaven, seven lambs, one bullock and two rams. Then a kid for a sin offering and two lambs for a peace offering. The two lambs were waved with the bread of first fruits. As the two loaves were being waved and the two lambs waved the sound of a mighty rushing wind occurred and the Holy Spirit came down from Heaven. The two loaves of first fruit representing the body of old testament believers and Gentiles (the uncircumcised sinners -leaven) of the New Testament covenant. The two lambs representing Christ dying for both and becoming a peace offering destroying the partition of division.

Acts.2:[1] And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
[2] And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
[3] And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
[4] And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
[5] And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
[6] Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.

Ephesians 2:11] Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
[12] That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
[13] But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
[14] For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

In my next lesson we will examine the final three feasts.



In Him

In Western society I think we may have trouble with certain concepts which are relevant to Christianity. It seems as if in western civilization our thinking is more carnal (fleshly) than in the eastern culture. I think it is important to remember the birth of Christianity was in the Middle EAST. We also should remember the “scientists” of the days of Paul were more philosopher than scientist. The culture which bred the Apostles was steeped in Greek philosophy. Especially the case of Paul who had received an exemplary education before conversion. Added to the fact the eastern mind set is of a more “spiritual” nature as opposed to those of the west who seem to be more “physical” I feel that some spiritual concepts are hard to be fully comprehended by those of us in the West.
One of these concepts is Oneness or being in Him and Him in us. Now the eastern teaching is one of “being one with the universe” But we as Christians are to be one with each other and one with the Lord. My understanding of the concept from the east is:
Oneness with the universe: being at peace with the realization there is a bigger universe of which we are only a part. The awareness of your place in the scope of the universe. The realization we are inter-related with a bigger universe and no relationship is meaningless.
The relevance of this is to make real to us Christians the concept we are indeed nothing outside of the Lord and everything in Him. Sometimes I think we sometimes get so self-righteous we forget the truth we are NOTHING without Jesus. Let me share some verses with you about being “in Christ”. If we learn nothing else, if we just get a glimmer of all it entails the reality of eternal security becomes self evident.

Gal.3:[26] For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
[27] For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
[28] There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
[29] And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

When I was born I was born “in Adam” and in Adam I will die a physical death and I died spiritually the moment I knowingly committed sin (1 Corinthians 15:22) but in Christ I am born again on the inside and made alive through Jesus Christ and given the hope of eternal life. I am now in Him and He in me.

Col.2:[1] For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you, and for them at Laodicea, and for as many as have not seen my face in the flesh;
[2] That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;
[3] In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.
[4] And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words.
[5] For though I be absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, joying and beholding your order, and the stedfastness of your faith in Christ.
[6] As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in him:
[7] Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving.
[8] Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
[9] For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
[10] And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:
[11] In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:
[12] Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
[13] And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;

In Christ we have all that we need. He experienced death for us, He experienced Hell for us, He has been resurrected for us and He now sits in Heaven . We have been spiritually circumcised through faith. An internal operation which occurred the moment we put our trust in Jesus Christ. Though physically on earth we are spiritually in Heaven. We are here on earth for a time so we may walk in Him and show a lost and dying world the love of God and make manifest His will to those who are without.

2Cor.5:[14] For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
[15] And that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
[16] Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we him no more.
[17] Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
[18] And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation;
[19] To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
[20] Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.
[21] For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

We become born again. We are no longer ourselves but Christ in us and through us. Everything is new for us. New hope, new destination, new purpose, new motive etc. We are an ambassador of our new home. Presenting the gospel and living the gospel in a foreign land. We are no longer ourselves but Jesus to the lost world. Showing the love of God in our attitude and dealings with those around us.

Romans 8:[38] For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
[39] Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Nothing can separate us from the love of God when we become in Him.

1 Corinthians 1:2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:

In Him I am sanctified and made a saint.

11 Corinthians 1:19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea.
[20] For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.
[21] Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God;
[22] Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

I now receive all of the promises of God and am established by God in Christ.

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

In Him I have every spiritual blessing in Heaven.

Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:

In Him I am now GUARANTEED to be presented before God PERFECT.

Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

In Him I am promised to be accepted by God.

Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
[6] And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus:

In Him I am already sitting in Heaven.

Ephesians 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

In Him I am now near to God.

Ephesians 2:21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:
[22] In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

In Him I grow and am a temple for the Holy Spirit.

Ephesians 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light:

I am no longer darkness I am now light to the lost.


Let me present to you what the Bible says about predestination. There is much confusion about the “doctrine” of predestination in the Christian community and has been for many years. Let us look at the book of Ephesians and see what the Bible has to teach us about it.

Eph.1:[1] Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:
[2] Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
[3] Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
[4] According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
[5] Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
[6] To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
[7] In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

Let me call your attention to the phrases “in Christ”, “in him” and “in the beloved”.
God has made certain assurances to those who put their trust in Jesus. Before time, God promised spiritual heavenly (not earthly) blessings to those who put their trust in Jesus. The blessings are:
1) they will be found holy and without blame
2) adopted as God’s children
3) accepted by God
4) forgiveness of sins
GOD DID NOT CHOSE WHO WOULD PUT THEIR TRUST IN JESUS BUT HE DID CHOSE WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THOSE WHO DO. You have to be “in Christ” to receive these blessings. So the only question is, “how do you get in Christ?“ . ANYONE can put their trust in Christ and become a part of His body. When a person does this they then are given certain assurances and promises from God.

[8] Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
[9] Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
[10] That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:
[11] In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

There is another promise to those who put their trust in Christ. God has promised before the world began to gather together all who put their trust in Christ and gives them an inheritance.

[12] That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
[13] In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

THERE YOU HAVE IT! Notice the order of the manner of getting “into Christ“.
1) hear the Word
2) Believe the Word
3) Trust in Christ
4) Sealed with the Holy Spirit.
So now we know to receive the predestined promises of God all ANYONE has to do is hear, believe and trust. We as individuals are NOT predestined but ALL who will put their trust and get “in Christ” are given predestined promises from God.

[14] Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

Here is another promise from God to those who believe. We are sealed until the redemption. NOTE we are not sealed until we commit a sin or as long as we do right. We are sealed until THE DAY OF REDEMPTION. This is known as eternal security. We are given certain guarantees from the Father the moment we put our trust in the shed blood of Jesus Christ. God predetermined these blessings to ALL who believe.

[15] Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,
[16] Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;
[17] That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
[18] The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
[19] And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to usward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,

God wants every Christian to know without any doubt the promises He has made to us. When we put our trust in Christ our worries about our salvation and eternal destiny are over. This is a promise from God to ALL who believe.

[20] Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
[21] Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
[22] And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
[23] Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

In Christ we are already sitting in Heaven. If you put your trust in Him, and ANYONE can, you become a part of His body. As a part of His body you are spiritually already sitting in heavenly places.

Israel as a Tree

Israel the fig tree.
Hos.9:[5] What will ye do in the solemn day, and in the day of the feast of the LORD?
[6] For, lo, they are gone because of destruction: Egypt shall gather them up, Memphis shall bury them: the pleasant places for their silver, nettles shall possess them: thorns shall be in their tabernacles.
[7] The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know it: the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man is mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
[8] The watchman of Ephraim was with my God: but the prophet is a snare of a fowler in all his ways, and hatred in the house of his God.
[9] They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: therefore he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.
[10] I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: but they went to Baal-peor, and separated themselves unto that shame; and their abominations were according as they loved.
[11] As for Ephraim, their glory shall fly away like a bird, from the birth, and from the womb, and from the conception.
[12] Though they bring up their children, yet will I bereave them, that there shall not be a man left: yea, woe also to them when I depart from them!
[13] Ephraim, as I saw Tyrus, is planted in a pleasant place: but Ephraim shall bring forth his children to the murderer.
[14] Give them, O LORD: what wilt thou give? give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
[15] All their wickedness is in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will love them no more: all their princes are revolters.
[16] Ephraim is smitten, their root is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yea, though they bring forth, yet will I slay even the beloved fruit of their womb.
[17] My God will cast them away, because they did not hearken unto him: and they shall be wanderers among the nations.

Luke.13:[6] He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none.
[7] Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
[8] And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it:
[9] And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down.

The Lord came to the nation of Israel and instead of finding fruits He found vain words spoken with the lips but not with their hearts.(Mt. 15:8) He labored among them for 3 ½ years but they still rejected Him and put Him to death. So then the nation was cut down and in 70 AD the temple was destroyed. (Hos 3:4)

Mt 21:[18] Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.
[19] And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.
[20] And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!

The nation of Israel rejected Jesus as their King and sought rather to destroy Him. (Mt 12:14)
About 40 years after the Crucifixion the nation of Israel was destroyed.

Israel the vineyard
Isa.5:[1] Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:
[2] And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
[3] And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.
[4] What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
[5] And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:
[7] For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Mt 21:33] Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
[34] And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.
[35] And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
[36] Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.
[37] But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.
[38] But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.
[39] And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.
[40] When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?
[41] They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
[42] Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
[43] Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
[44] And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
[45] And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.
[46] But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.

God made His vineyard hedged it, made a winepress and built a tower in it.(Is 5:2/Mt 21:33) He sent His prophets and they destroyed them. He sent His Son and they slew Him. About 40 years later He removed the hedge and it was destroyed.


Israel the olive tree.
Jer 11:16] The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, and of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.
[17] For the LORD of hosts, that planted thee, hath pronounced evil against thee, for the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke me to anger in offering incense unto Baal.
[18] And the LORD hath given me knowledge of it, and I know it: then thou shewedst me their doings.
[19] But I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, saying, Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered.

The branches of the olive tree were indeed broken because of their unbelief. Jesus as the lamb was indeed in Jerusalem and there He was sacrificed.

Rom.11:11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.
[12] Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?

The diminishing of Israel. (Eze. 5:1-11.)
It is said during the siege of Jerusalem by the Romans the inhabitants turned to cannibalism in order to sustain their lives just as the prophet Ezekiel prophesied in Ezekiel chapter 5.

[13] For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:
[14] If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.
[15] For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?
[16] For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.
[17] And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among
them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
[18] Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.
[19] Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.
[20] Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:
[21] For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.
[22] Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

The blindness with which Israel was struck ( those who refused the ministry of John the Baptist, who prepared the way of the Lord, and then crucified our Lord- Lu.7:29-30) will strike those Gentiles who have refused Jesus in this dispensation when the Tribulation begins. (11 Thes.2:10-12)

[23] And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.
[24] For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree?
[25] For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.

The Gentile harvest (coming in) will occur at the Feast of Trumpets which is the beginning of the Jewish civil year. It is known as “the day no man knoweth”. It occurs in late August to early September which is also when the olive tree harvesting began in ancient Israel. The fig tree (Israel) will bloom and the bride of Christ will leave. (Song of Solomon 2:13)

[26] And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
[27] For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
[28] As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes.
[29] For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.
[30] For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
[31] Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.
[32] For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

During this dispensation of the grace of God anyone who believes may be saved through the shed blood of Jesus both Jew and Gentile. All of Israel will be saved at the end of the Tribulation as is promised. (Mt 10:22/Mt 24:13/He 10:16-17//Jer. 31:33//Zech. 12:10-14//Zech 14:1-4)



Doctrine is the core set of beliefs of a church or denomination. It is the fundamentals of the faith. It should be what separates you from others.
As we catapult towards the end of this dispensation it seems the ecumenical movement is growing in strength every year. Which according to prophecy is to be expected. After all, religion will be a unifying factor of rallying people to worship of the anti-Christ. As the religions of the world blur the differences in beliefs it is even more important for Christians to stand firmly on the doctrines of the faith and remaining faithful to the doctrines passed to us through the Word of God rightly divided. Let us look at what the Bible says about our doctrines.

1 Ti 3:[16] All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
[17] That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

1) The Bible is our one and only source of doctrine.
Knowing and applying the doctrines of the faith brings spiritual maturity (perfect)
Reproof- what is wrong
Correction- how to get it right
Instruction in righteousness- how to stay right

Ep 4:11] And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
[12] For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
[13] Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:
[14] That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
[15] But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:

2) Unity of the faith- common core set of beliefs. As we grow in Christ and the fundamentals of the faith become a way of life and not something we memorized we become more like Christ.

3) Changeable doctrine is a sign of spiritual immaturity.
A spiritually immature Christian can be swayed by different doctrines and “new” ideas. But the mature Christian is able to stand firm on the foundation.

2Tim.4:[2] Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

4) Doctrine is the means to reprove, rebuke and exhort.
Reproof- speak with disapproval
Rebuke- to blame or scold
Exhortation- to urge earnestly, to lift up

Tit.1:[9] Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

5) Doctrine is used to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

Tit.2:[6] Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.
[7] In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
[8] Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

6) Our doctrine should be uncorrupt, not based on opinion or feelings but on the sure foundation of the Word of God.

7) The Bible doctrines are to be held in the most serious fashion. Not shakable or negotiable but of certainty.

8) Our doctrine should be how we live. Not say one thing and do another.

1Tim.1:[9] Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
[10] For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;

9) Our doctrine instructs us on what is sin.

Rom.16:[17] Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

10) Doctrine is the basis for discernment and separation.


Peter’s Gospel

The key element in understanding Scripture is to rightly divide it. (11 Tim. 2:15) It is imperative to determine who the Word is being addressed to. For example when God dealt with Noah He instructed Noah to build an ark. We do not read this passage today and determine, well God’s will is for us to build an ark and then build one. Of course we do not. God was instructing Noah to do what was necessary at the time for his salvation. Moses and the children of Israel had to keep a multitude of laws and sacrifices but again, this was for a particular people for a particular time. So we see how the message from God if not rightly divided and rightly applied can create confusion. The misapplication of certain passages can cause the rise of improper doctrine even to the point of heresies.
Let us look at the passage in Acts chapter 2. Peter is not speaking to us today and the message has no application to receiving salvation in this dispensation. The Gospel of the Grace of God was given to the Apostle Paul who at the time of this sermon was still a Pharisee.
If you were to use this passage for your salvation then you must be baptized in order to receive salvation. According to the New Testament Pauline epistle we know this is not true for the born again believer.( Acts 2:38) Water baptism for us just makes us wet and has no saving grace.

Acts 2:14] But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
[15] For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
[16] But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
[17] And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God,I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
[18] And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
[19] And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
[20] The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
[21] And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

Peter begins his message with a quotation from Joel 2:28-32. Those in his Jewish audience, being familiar with the Old Testament prophets, would have understood the statements in Joel come after the promise the Lord God would be in the midst of Israel just before the pouring out. Peter was telling them Jesus, the Lord God, had been in their midst. NOTE verse 22 of our passage:

[22] Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

Please note to whom Peter is speaking. The passage clearly states : the men of Israel ! Are you, the lost Gentile, a man of Israel? Then the Holy Spirit must not be talking to you in this passage.
Whether Peter actually believed the events were a direct fulfillment of the prophecy or was attempting to prove a point we do not know. If he thought this was a direct fulfillment of the prophecy we know him to be wrong. The Holy Spirit was NOT pour out on ALL flesh, the sun did NOT darken, the moon did NOT turn to blood, the notable day of the Lord did NOT happen. The wonders Jesus performed did NOT involve smoke, vapor, fire or blood. The only statement which could be said to be accurate is the saving of those who call upon the Lord, which by the way is quoted in Romans by the Apostle Paul as being current for this dispensation. (Romans 10:13). I believe Peter did indeed think this scripture was being fulfilled as the restoration of Israel as an independent nation ruling the world was foremost on the Apostles mind (see Acts 1:6) and was expecting Christ to come right back and destroy the Roman army and restore the kingdom.
Peter believing this is now expecting the entirety of the passage to be fulfilled.

[23] Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
[24] Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
[25] For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
[26] Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:
[27] Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
[28] Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
[29] Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
[30] Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
[31] He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
[32] This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
[33] Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
[34] For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
[35] Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
[36] Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

Peter does not preach a substitution death of Jesus nor the shedding of His blood being an atonement for sin but rather they wickedly killed Him (though it was within God’s plan). He preached Christ went to Hell but God raised Him up and exalted Him to His right hand where He is waiting for His enemies to be destroyed.
He preached Christ is going to sit on the throne of David. So this Jewish audience understood in light of the Old Testament Christ was coming back to rule and the expectation was one of immediacy. They out of fear for a retribution by Jesus cried out what must they do. Not a fear of condemnation to hell or eternity in the lake of fire but rather one of fear of retribution for killing Jesus. Look at the message! No mention of dying in your sins, blood shedding atonement, eternal life, being born again, forgiveness of ALL sins, nothing associated with the saving of a soul. This is NOT the gospel as we know it.

[37] Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
[38] Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
[39] For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
[40] And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.

Repent and baptism for the remission of what sins? Verse 23 in his message, “ye have taken” and slain Jesus. The murder of Jesus.  What promise would they receive? Forgiveness for the killing of Jesus and the Holy Spirit. The only other promises the Jews knew of would be the restoration of the kingdom. Remember the message which had been preached by John the Baptist, Jesus and the Apostles ? REPENT FOR THE KINGDOM IS AT HAND. The message has not changed yet to the substitution death of Christ and eternal life promised to believers. Being born again is not even in their minds. They are NOT being taught salvation from Hell but rather, the “untoward generation”, the one who killed Jesus. (vs. 40)

[41] Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

If you believe this had anything to do with our gospel then indeed you must sell all that you have and join a communal church. (Acts 2:44-47) After all, they had no need of possessions because they were anticipating the imminent return of Jesus to sit on His throne in Jerusalem and the destruction of those who had destroyed Him.

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