As we begin our study on the book of Hebrews I would like to begin with a pertinent overview.
2Timothy 2: Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
The Bible is not some ordinary book which tells a tale which may be comprehended by a simple reading. It is the Book of Books and given us by God Almighty. It requires STUDY. If it were merely a novel there would be no cause to study but simply to read it. But God commands it to be studied. Further to begin to achieve some understanding it must be rightly divided. Everything in scripture is for our study but it is not for everyone’s application. Perhaps the simplest examples would be the fact we do not have to build an ark or sacrifice a lamb to obtain favor with God or to receive salvation. So it is evident that though every word is for man to study it is NOT for application to every man.
Perhaps the single most important factor in rightly dividing may be ascertained by simply realizing to whom a passage is speaking. The Bible comes with some evident divisions already and a Christian would do well to observe these.
The first being the division between two testaments one Old and one New. The New Testament is then broken down into four gospels, the history of the early church, the Pauline epistles to the church and then the Jewish epistles.
I believe it is no accident the KJV has placed the Jewish epistles together and the epistles to the church together. Rather than a convenience or coincidence I believe it is by the design of God.
In a study of Hebrews it is tantamount we begin by identifying to whom it is speaking and then we will begin to understand what it is telling the people to whom it speaks.
First of all in the church there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, but rather a body of believers called Christians.
Colossians 3: Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.
The very name of the book tells us it is not speaking to us Christians but rather a people identified by their nationality and by extension their religion.
Hebrews itself tells us it is dealing with the next world and not our present one.
Hebrews 2: For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.
Hebrews teaches salvation through endurance.
Hebrews 3: For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.
 And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;
 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,
 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.
 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
This is a promise to the tribulation Jews.
Matthew 10: And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
Matthew 24: But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
Hebrews teaches a new covenant WITH THE JEWS ONLY BASED SOLELY ON THE FACT THEY ARE JEWS.
Hebrews 8: But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
The new covenant is a feature of the Millennial Reign of Christ and His return to the earth.
Jeremiah 31: Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:
 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Romans 11: For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.
 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes.
 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.
 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.
 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.
Hebrews speaks to a people gathered together at the Heavenly Mount Zion.
Hebrews 12: For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:
 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
Revelation 14: And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads.
 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:
 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.
 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
 And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.
Hebrews speaks of Heaven and earth being shaken which is a sign of the Tribulation. It also speaks of Jesus speaking from Heaven which is an end time occurrence.
Hebrews 12: To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:
 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
 For our God is a consuming fire.
Isaiah 13: Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.
 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
 And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.
 I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.
 Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.
 And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up: they shall every man turn to his own people, and flee every one into his own land.
 Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one that is joined unto them shall fall by the sword.
 Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled, and their wives ravished.
 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.
 Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.
 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees’ excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
 It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.
 But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.
 And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.
Haggai 2: For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;
 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.
Hebrews teaches the loss of salvation.
Heb.6: Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,
 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.
 And this will we do, if God permit.
 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,
 If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.
 For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receiveth blessing from God:
 But that which beareth thorns and briers is rejected, and is nigh unto cursing; whose end is to be burned.
Hebrews 10: For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,
 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.
 He that despised Moses’ law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
 For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Heb.1: Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
7: For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
7: By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
Heb.8: But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Heb.9: It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.
Heb.10: For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.
Heb.11: But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.
11: Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection: